So, a few days back, I was curious as to going what exactly constitutes the wedding rituals in a Hindu wedding. One of the most important part of the rituals are the seven wedding vows, or the ‘Saath Pheras’ , that are taken by the man and the woman walking round a holy fire while the priest reads out the wedding vows that the groom and the bride are supposed to make to each other.
Here’s what is read out by the priest as the vows:
You will offer me food and be helpful in every way. I will cherish you and provide welfare and happiness for you and our children.
I am responsible for the home and all household responsibilities.
Together we will protect our house and children.
I will be by your side as your courage and strength. I will rejoice in your happiness. In return, you will love me solely.
May we grow wealthy and prosperous and strive for the education of our children. May our children live long.
I will love you solely for the rest of my life, as you are my husband. Every other man in my life will be secondary. I vow to remain chaste.
You have brought sacredness into my life, and have completed me. May we be blessed with noble and obedient children.
I will shower you with joy, from head to toe. I will strive to please you in every way I can.
Groom: You are my best friend, and staunchest well-wisher. You have come into my life, enriching it. God bless you.
I promise to love and cherish you for as long as I live. Your happiness is my happiness, and your sorrow is my sorrow. I will trust and honor you, and will strive to fulfill all your wishes.
May you be filled with joy and peace.
I will always be by your side.
We are now husband and wife, and are one. You are mine and I am yours for eternity.
As God is witness, I am now your wife. We will love, honor and cherish each other forever.
Alright then.. after understanding what the vows really mean (the priest chants them in Sanskrit, so most people simply nod along without understand the meaning), I have a few observations:
1) The man literally instructs the woman to cook his food for him. Talk about ‘make me a sandwich’ jokes back in the age! The bride is supposed to vow to ‘be responsible for all household duties and responsibilities’.I found this quite amusing that this is the very first vow that is spoken. Shouldn’t the first vow talk about lifelong commitment by both parties, instead of laying down the rule that the woman would always cook for the man?
2) The groom is the one who keeps talking about children. I don’t know what to think about that. There is not one mention from the bride’s side about children (I can’t help but think that this hints at the children belonging to the husband, and his lineage, and not to the wife).
3) Promises of lifelong commitment are included in the vows, yes, but it’s interesting to note that the woman herself vows that she will remain chaste and solely dedicated to him, whereas the groom makes no such vow. Instead, the bride herself says that he should do that, without the groom agreeing to it.
4) The groom talks of how having the bride in his life has ‘completed him’. The bride makes no such claim, but rather vows in a fashion that implies that she losing her entire identity to integrate herself in her husband’s life. She doesn’t say that the groom ‘completed’ her life, rather, she is shown as one part of his life, with him being the whole.
5) The bride repeatedly vows to ‘please him in every way that she can’ and that she would fulfill all his wishes, but the groom non-noncommittally keeps talking about living a good life together and having healthy children.
These vows, unsurprisingly, are quite outdated, but still are chanted mindlessly in every wedding as they are part of the tradition. And unlike Christian Weddings, these vows are almost always considered unchangeable, and not modifiable by the bride and the groom.
While I do understand that these vows were written in a time when quite a lot of these elements were true (man being the sole provider, woman to care for households), but just because these religious rituals are tenacious doesn’t mean that they should be chanted mindlessly even now. I know that most couples don’t care for these vows and just look at them from a symbolic value, but to me, vows mean a lot. If you are standing in front of your loved ones and taking vows, shouldn’t they be the ones that are relevant to you and your soulmate?
What do you feel about archaic wedding vows or rituals?